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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 10, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, still, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions in capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news
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america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington. so much for a ceasefire. fresh fighting in syria flaunts the united nations deadline for government forces to withdraw. the rioters are republican -- the republican primary interest to a close with the surprise withdrawal of rick santorum. the conservative favorite has called it quits. >> this presidential race for us is over, for me, and we will suspend our campaign, effective today. >> welcome to the modern-day space race. we take you inside one private company now responsible for supplying the international space station. welcome to our viewers on pbs in
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america and also around the world. the guns were supposed to be quiet in syria today, and yet, more than 50 people have been killed. the deadline for a united nations-brokered cease-fire has been flaunted. government forces have continued to pound opposition activists. the violence has increased markedly in the past days, as has the number of refugees trying to escape to turkey. our special correspondent is in one of those refugee camps, and he filed this report. >> if peace is about to dawn, there is no sign of it in homs. that is the voice of a cameraman recording the violence. >> this is homs. it is being destroyed by random shelling today, the 10th of april. >> in other embattled towns, the destruction seen, if anything, to be escalating. with time running out on his
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peace mission, kofi annan came to visit the refugees of serious violence. -- syria opposes violence. here, there was a welcome. most of these people have fled from the north of the country with stories of killing and torture. all day, the cavalcade moved from camp to camp. some of the refugees we met, to the hope his mission might still work. this woman told us maybe something will happen in syria and the king back to their families and children. >> kofi annan is being asked for solutions he cannot deliver. a growing number of voices here are demanding that the opposition be armed and achieve a military victory. >> the mood of the military is growing.
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>> we wanted to come into syria and get weapons to the free syrian army, and we want a liberated zone so we can free our country. >> the clock ticks on the united nations deadline. kofi annan position looks increasingly forlorn, though he continued to press damascus to pull forces back. >> let me appeal to the syrian government and syrian parties to cease violence in accordance with our plan, and i believe there should be no preconditions for stopping violence. >> in moscow where he met his russian counterpart, syria was a foreign minister claimed his side was abiding by the agreement. >> we have withdrawn some military units from some provinces. we have allowed more media channels to enter syria, and we have reached agreement to allow humanitarian aid and transfer it
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to the needy. >> kofi annan asked today what the world would do. it is a question now bearing down with growing urgency. >> for more on today's developments, i am joined by a fellow at washington institute. with this cease-fire, clearly not holding, the diplomatic options for syria are effectively ended? >> they are not at an end. the kofi annan process will continue to go forward. he will continue to special envoy, but his six-point plan is officially going to be suspended, i guess within one hour. i 1 our time, the syrian government is in violation. the question now is what to do. i think that now, it is very much countries including the united states looking at really working together in a coalition
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to back the syrian opposition. this is something that has been happening at the meetings which have taken place reading -- recently in tunis and assemble. >> what form does the backing naturally take? >> the u.s. government has committed non-legal assistance, but that is just one part of it. turkey, saudi arabia, qatar, and a number of other countries are looking at backing the opposition as a whole, including some elements of the armed opposition. >> with the u.s. and other western countries effectively signed on to that? >> i think that they would at a system would go along with it. i think that the idea was that it be and then -- the kofi and his plan did not work to solve the political diseases of the country, the problem with the regime standoff with the opposition, the plan b, so to speak, was the strap. >> the russians and chinese side
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on to the kofi annan planned and the cease-fire today. >> they seemed to just criticize the syrian regime on the style in which it is implementing the agreement, but as i said, as of an hour from now, the regime is in violation of that agreement. we can tell where the military formations are. the information has been released by the u.s. government, by european governments, and it will be harder and harder for the russians and chinese to say that the syrians are abiding by the agreement. >> of the shifted toward some sort of military support for the opposition, wherever that comes from? does that sideline to any degree russia and china in this process, since we are no longer really thinking about a diplomatic solution here? >> i think what it does, to put emphasis on just the diplomatic dimension now is not working, so now, as i said, there will be
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more of an emphasis on working this from the ground up. i think russia and china can be important much later in the conflict. >> today, one other issue from the united nations -- susan rice, the u.s. ambassador said that time is running out for the united nations. kofi annan says what do you replace the plan with? it is words. >> it is words, and i think that is why we are heading towards action. the question is -- what will those actions be? the immediate step is to back the opposition, and the more medium to long-term debt is -- is military action feasible? if so, what kind? >> thank you for coming in. for months, republicans have engaged in a bruising fight to become their party as a candidate to unseat barack obama in november. today, the field shrank with the sudden exit of vix santorum. the former senator had become the most viable opponent to governor mitt romney, who is now all but certain to become the
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republican nominee. it is over. rick santorum went further in the race than anyone would have predicted, but now, he has called it quits. that we made a decision to get into the race at our kitchen table against all the odds, and we made a decision over the weekend that while this presidential race for us is over, for me, and we will suspend our campaign effective today, we are not done fighting. >> restore america's greatness. >> santorum excited conservatives in a way his rivals never could -- overtly religious, self-may, an authentic, his passionate debate performance has made him the surprise front runner. in iowa, he had the battle -- we had to battle crowds and prospects even to get closer him. we have seen a stream of republicans rise quickly to the top and fadeaway again. are you more than the flavor of the week? >> this is not my first rodeo. i have been through this, and a
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thing we can hang on to the wars. >> that was three months ago. now, his departure effectively announced this man -- mitt romney could not be more different, but in the end, he had the cash and organization rick santorum could never match. i am joined by the editor in chief of hot line reads with the general election -- as the general election start today? >> it started a few weeks ago. this just makes it formal. mitt romney is the republican nominee in waiting for all intents and purposes. we knew he was the likeliest candidate to be the nominee. we knew he was almost inevitable as of a few weeks ago when he racked up a string of victories. it has been since late march that any candidate has won a significant number of delegates. with rick santorum leading, how mitt romney and barack obama match up this fall. >> what does it say that it lasted this long?
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what does it tell you about the state of the party and state of the general election? >> the republican party is evolving. the democratic party is, too, as was evidenced four years ago when barack obama and hillary clinton with all but the nest until the nomination fight was settled, but there is a sort of struggle within the republican party between moderates and conservatives over who is best equipped to lead the party in a general election. mitt romney, the slightly more moderate candidate on most issues -- not all, but most -- one this time around. he still has some fences to mend with the conservative base, but by and large, he has not been as damaged as he might have been. >> republican voters seem to have allied behind romney because they think he has the best chance of beating barack obama come november. they might not love him, but they think he is the most delectable candidate. do you think that is the case? how would you rate his chances? >> as the economy gets a little
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better, so do president obama's reelection chances. his poll numbers are inching up. it is questionable as to whether or not any republican candidate would be able to win in november. medtronic is the best chance. he has governing experience. he has a successful business career behind him. he can make the case that he is not of washington. there are plenty of benefits he has got to bring to the table. >> i get the sense that in the white house, there is a big sigh of relief. they have wrecked and the have a very good shot -- they reckon they have a very good shot of winning in november. the economy is not rock-solid yet, and a republican candidate has a 50/50 chance of winning the election. >> i think that is very much the case. the white house maybe a little over, but at the moment. they see all these things trending in their direction, but not only has the dow down the last five days in a row, but the unemployment numbers were not as good last month as they might have been, as they have been over the past three months.
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the fine edge of situations are not resolved in a number of the eurozone countries that are teetering on the brink like greece, and something else could happen somewhere around the world that could plunge this thing back into a tossup if not a race that favors republicans. i think democrats are celebrating a little too early. mitt romney will not be an easy candidate to beat this fall. >> the white house love the race up until now. now they have to start dealing with mitt romney as their candidate. in other news from around the world, chinese accord is have detained the wife of the ousted leadership contender as a suspect in the murder of a british businessman. it comes after one of her husband's close collaborators fled to the u.s. consulate in february. he is now being removed from key posts in the communist party following his early dismissal.
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the european court of human rights has dismissed an attempt by five terrorism suspects to block their expedition from -- extradition from britain to the united states. the men argued that the long prison sentences in solitary confinement they would face in america amounted to a treatment, but the courts decided it did not violate their human rights. at least 18 people have died in three suicide bomb attacks in afghanistan. suicide bombers detonated their vehicle at a government office, officials say. later, seven policemen were killed in two suicide attacks in southern helmand province. secretary of state hillary clinton issued a stark warning to north korea today to think twice about conducting a long- range rocket launch, which she said would be a direct threat to regional security. the regime, however, has dismissed concerns that the satellite launch, which could happen as soon as thursday, is a cover for developing missile
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technology. our correspondent has gained rapid access to north korea, then he sends us this report from north korea. and a vast, empty streets -- >> vast, empty streets. welcome to the world's last stalinist state, preparing a party for its debt but eternal president. even the walls are being watched. it is like traveling back in time. today, we were whisked past grim-looking villages and people toiling by hand in their fields to be shown this. 1000-hectare fruit farm, all perfect rows. it is the way north korea wants to be seen. a modern socialist miracle. she says she is very happy working here, and it is thanks to the leaders, the kim family
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who have ruled north korea since it was founded. everyone here keeps telling us how wise and benevolent the ruling dynasty are. the inspiration for this place, we are told, came from the leader kim jong il. for his wise guidance -- known for his wise guidance. but there is always the impression nothing is quite as it seems. workers did not look to be doing much, and might in the middle, she is putting the box back on the line, cartons of jews going round and round. ducks also were eager over this, the centerpiece of the plan celebration, a rocket that will put a satellite in space. americans insist it will actually be a test of missile technology that one day might threaten u.s. cities. north korea says it is misunderstood, and that is why it showed us another brand new farm. it cost millions, so i asked
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when it will make a profit. >> it is hard to explain to you capitalists, the manager said. to us, profit does not matter. but not far away, more of their fields. a theme park under construction, and lines of shabby house, contradictions of a country that struggles to feed its people, yet his leader's dream grandiose dreams. >> the latest in our series, a fascinating report looking as closely as we can about what life is really like in north korea. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program -- jetting off into orbit. private companies now blazing the path, and the competition is heating up. it has been more than five years now since the notoriously
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brutal rebel group, the lord's resistance army, left northern uganda, and for the first time in decades, there is an unusual piece there. -- an unusual peace there. >> unlike five years ago when the war was on, the children of northern uganda are now safe. >> they we stand still for the national anthem? >> the hunger to learn a strong, but it is not interrupted by the terror of marauding rebels. when i was here in northern uganda at the height of the conflict, it was about this time of day just as the sun was setting there was an extraordinary spectacle. thousands of children with abandon their homes and what to shelters like these because the risk of abduction was so high -- walk to shelters like these.
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the rebels stopped the villages, forcefully recruiting child soldiers. the last time i met jeffrey was nine years ago. he had just been rushed to hospital after the rebels had hacked off his fingers, ears, and lips. unable to write and sell forced to give of school, jeffries says with the income from the shop, he is determined his three children get an education. as he struggles to move on with his life, he says he has since met and even for given the young man who mutilated him. northern uganda is still haunted by the war which lasted more than 20 years. a huge effort is now needed to help this brutalized region recover and to reconcile communities, but at least with peace, the children are free to dream of more than just survival.
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>> think space race, many of us think of the great cold war rivalry between the u.s. and u.s.s.r., but the battle for the stars is alive and well even today. it is just a battle between two competing american rocket companies. they are both working on the first private mission for the international space station after winning multibillion dollar contract from nasa, but when companies -- and at one company goes to launch facilities, our reporter was given access. >> a four-hour drive from washington, d.c. engineers are readying a mission to space. inside its orbital sciences, a private company with a nasa contractor fly a cargo missions to the international space station. >> everything inside the hangar is on a massive scale. we have the rocket for the upcoming launch test, which
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features engines which were used by the soviet union 40 years ago. this is another rocket which, hopefully, will get us into space in a few months' time. over here, we have the director launch vehicle, which will carry both markets to the launch pad, just over a kilometer from here. orbital are not the only ones heading into orbit. their arrival has already tested the rocket and can make their maiden flight to the space station within weeks. orbital's vice-president and a former astronaut says it does feel a little bit like a race. >> a little bit. they started the development of their system about a year-and-a- half before us, but we are almost neck-and-neck in terms of who is going to launch next, who will get to the space station first. nasa actually needs both companies to succeed on every mission at all possible. >> this animation shows how the space capsule will vomit -- will dock with the space station. at the moment, it stands in the
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clean room waiting to be united with its rocket. it is designed to be a cost- effective trip to space, just what one analyst says cash- strapped nasa needs. >> what i would like to see happen is the competition between the 1st spurs some technical breakthroughs that result in a lower cost for getting to space. it just costs too much. you would not want to drink water in space if you knew what it cost to put it there. >> builders are now putting the final touches. it is here that nasa has a decision to a trust much of its work to private business would truly be tested. on the launch pad. >> it is not just those supply missions which are now in the hands of private companies. after getting people into space, it is also currently in the hands of entrepreneurs. i am joined by the former director of the space policy institute at george washington.
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said there -- the clash between the soviet union and united states of america was so titanic in scale that this seems kind of small fry. >> it is. it is only a competition of who will be first to do something that both will do. they both have contracts. they are both needed to carry cargo to the space stations. like a trucking service. >> but really, it is about money and the cost of these things rather than about ideology. >> of course. this is, hopefully, it much lower cost way of supplying the space station and doing it through government programs. >> is the government money they're all, or will private companies have to pick up all of the slack from now on? >> they are under contract, so they get paid when they deliver. >> right, but the government is not going to suddenly say they will take this on in the future? it will be private enterprise from now on? >> that is the idea if it works.
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>> when it comes to the state of the american economy, i suspect very few would say more space frontiers, getting somebody on to mars, that is what we still want to do. it does not really resonate any more, does it? >> not in the way it did during the space race. there is not the sense of threat driving the program, but the dream is still there. we are spending less than 0.5% of the federal budget on space. it is not a big thing. people think it is because when it happens, it is kind of spectacular, but it is a low cost compared to many other government programs. >> the president has outlined grand plans, including putting men on asteroids. >> at least going to visit asteroids. >> is that a viable as a plan, or is that just not the political will any more? >> we started on a rather slow
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process of building the rocket, building the spacecraft to carry out those missions. president obama said 2025 for a visit to an asteroid. whether we have the patience as a society to continue our commitment to that is really an open question. >> you are former director of the space policy institute at george washington. if you had to put all the resources that were available and to one particular area of space travel, what would be your priority today? >> getting back to the moon. i think we are not done with the moon. president obama blew it off. i disagree with him there. >> why? >> it is nearby. it is our offshore island. we have not finished exploring it. there are lots of things that can be done. >> it is something we have not -- that has not happened for a long time and we do not yet been discussed any more. we hear about mars.
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and i guess, but we are not ready -- >> yes, but we are not ready to go to mars. >> today, and its silence was observed in the english port city of southampton to remember more than 500 people from their who died on the titanic. a recording of the ship's whistle was played on the docks to mark the exact moment 100 years ago that the liner set sail on her maiden voyage from that very spot. do make sure to visit our website. that brings today's show to the close, but you will find that journey on the website. from all of us here at "bbc world news america," thanks so much for watching. i will see you back here tomorrow.
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>> make sense of international news and -- at bbc.com/news. >> funding for this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shall -- shell. >> this is kim. about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, which are developing more efficient deals in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our
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energy resources. let's go. >> "bbc world news america" was presente
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